Before food was rationed, and prior to World War II, Britain imported about 55 million tons of food a year from other countries.
The British government was forced to limit imported food after the war began in 1939, because German submarines attacked British supply ships. As a precautionary measure, the British government introduced a rationing system to alleviate shortages of food supplies available..
Rationing ensured that the citizens received equal amounts of food every week. Would prices rise as food became scarcer? Would the poor be able to afford to eat? Would some people hoard food?
So rationing was a necessary consequence of the shortages, making them more bearable for the entire population.
How did food rationing work?
Each person in Britain received a ration book after registering, and was assigned to buy their food from chosen shops. Since there weren’t any supermarkets, people visited several different shops for meat, vegetables, bread,…
After items were purchased they were crossed off the buyer’s ration book by the shopkeeper.
The first items to be rationed on January 8, 1940, were bacon, butter and sugar.
And, everyone received 16 points per month for whatever food items they desired (Potatoes, fruit and fish were not rationed).
Indicative of the devastation the war had on Britain, food rationing lasted 14 years!
It began in 1940 and ended July 4, 1954.